Will Today's Electric Cars Soon Be OBSOLETE? 4K
You knew exactly which of the latest engine technologies. The car had just by looking at the letters on the back, i for injection 16v for 16 valve ooh, again t for turbo. Double? U etc, etc. Some car makers then went a bit bonkers and started adding badging to show what other technology the car had on board, like the vauxhall cavalier had an abs badge in the early 90s to show it had anti lock brakes regular stuff now, but it was cutting edge Stuff back then worth boasting about 90s volvos had a lambda sonde badge to brag about the catalytic converter or sips for side impact protection system, and then there was the badge that spelled out turbo intercooler on the boot of the 740, which was thats cool in the Future, though, when cars become predominantly electric here in europe, whats going to happen to badging, how will you brag about your car having the latest technology? How do you show off as battery technology improves and while were on the subject? What is the point of buying an electric car now when it uses one type of battery technology? If we know that in the future, theres going to be something even better? Its definitely worth talking about? One of the things i hear a lot from people is that theyre not going to buy an ev now, because the battery technology will improve suddenly and then theyll be stuck with an outdated battery and an outdated car.
Should we be waiting for the better tech with the better badges lets? Look at it. Theres been a lot of announcements in recent weeks and months from the big car companies showing that not all batteries and associated technologies are created. Equal yeah electrons will still be flowing, and, yes, the sensation when you put your foot down, will be on the face of it pretty much identical across most evs. But there are clear signs that we could be geeking out over things like cathode compositions or voltage levels or wireless electric motors and two speed gearboxes in exactly the same way that people got excited about fuel injection, 16 valves and turbos way back in the day and Thats, because theres never just going to be one electric drivetrain, this is the car industry and brands will always be looking for an edge. A lot of that will be around performance because lets face it. Everybody likes performance, thats, a big grabber, but there are other areas to improve theres a whole lot of frantic work going on right now to reduce charge times, increase range, reduce weight again, circling back to performance, slashing the cost and cutting the exposure to any material thats Either hard to get hold of or causes a whole load of environmental and ethical issues to extract looking at you, cobalt on the subject of badge bragging, if you boil all of that down to a load of symbols and acronyms, you could fill an entire bootlet, but Whats, maybe more interesting is that it gives us a lot of choice in the type of electric battery and type of electric car that we go for and its not just a question of waiting for the best.
Its more a question of waiting for the one that suits you the best, so what are we gon na see? Lets start with battery chemistries. Everybody right now is using lithium ion and mostly theyre, going to continue to do that for the foreseeable future, but not all lithium ion batteries are created equally heres, a bit of science for you. Batteries work when electrons flow from the anode to the cathode, creating electricity. The anode dictates the charging and the cathode dictates the range and the cost of the cell, so its the cathode thats the tricky bit thats. What gives you your capacity, which in turn gives you your range im not going to get too geeky in explaining that to you today, but the cathode is so important that lithium ion batteries are named for the materials the cathode is made of so theres nmc cathodes, Which is made of nickel manganese and cobalt thats? What we mainly use today, but most car makers want to reduce the cobalt because thats the stuff thats mined by children in the congo, all right, not all of it, but its tricky stuff to get hold of tesla. Want to move to a high nickel content and dump the cobalt as well. Vw group want to dump cobalt specifically for lower range and mid range batteries for entry level evs, both vw and stellantis, thats peugeot, fiat alpha, etc, are moving to a chemistry called lfp lithium ion phosphate, which dumps cobalt and manganese to make a cheaper battery thats more Environmentally friendly and easier to charge it doesnt have quite as much range but having an lfp badge on your boot lid, isnt necessarily a bad thing.
It might let you brag about having an environmentally friendlier ev theres, going to be levels to smugness here: nmc, thats, nickel, manganese and cobalt. Remember will power the high end battery cars, partly because it offers longer range, but the c in nmc isnt great. So your fancy ti can might not let you feel quite as smug as a peugeot. Having said that, porsche, for example, are working with a small scale producer of performance, high energy cathode, active nmc batteries for race, cars and high performance, road cars ethically sourced as well. They say their cobalt comes from germany, so maybe youll have a badge for that nmc plus maybe for sportiness and smugness, although it probably cost you and beyond that theres solid state arriving around 2025, probably for high end low volume, cars initially, and that does away with The anode material to improve density and reduce charge time vw reckon that, for example, charging to add 280 miles of range thats from london to newcastle. If you want to visualize, it takes 28 minutes now for an id4 on a rapid charge. But thats going to drop to 12 minutes with solid state makes you think what a vw going to use as an acronym for solid state on the back of their cars. S nah never mind what other badging can we cram on there? How about two speed for the gearbox? Most evs are single speed because theyve got enough. Torque, low down and dont need additional gearing, but if you want speeds of todays high performance, internal combustion engine cars, you probably need more gears.
The porsche tai can, for example, has a two speed gearbox to allow it to reach a maximum top speed in excess of 160 miles an hour sticking with the tai can for a moment. This was the car that also introduced us to 800 volt electrical systems. Instead of 400 volt higher voltage is good for charging, so its quicker at cramming all those ions back into the anode. You can kind of compare it to water flow, so higher voltage gives you more pressure and other manufacturers have switched to 800 volt too hyundai. For the ionic 5 and kia for the ev6, maybe well have 800 v on the backs of cars pretty soon and theres more. How about e motors that replace permanent magnets and their expensive rare earth materials in favor of a non magnetized motor that conducts power? Wirelessly nope, i dont understand it either, but there is a german company called mala, thats developed it and apparently its on the way and we might get badges to show it off. Okay, i dont know if you have all of this spelled out on a badge on your boot, but who knows, maybe you will i mean? How else are you going to get consumers to acknowledge why one product is greener or more powerful or better value or smarter than another? What it shows is that the race to be better to build it, faster, smarter and more energy, efficient or better for the planet or just plain sexier isnt, just going to fizzle out in the electric era, no chance, and it also shows us something else.
This is interesting. Anyone whos waiting for batteries to get better before they buy and are equating better with more range, might have it all wrong. Better means a lot of things, look at the taikan turbo, its, not actually a turbo. Is it despite the badge thats porsches way of showing why that version is superior to another, so maybe well get to see all the different types of beta with some very interesting badges in the not too distant future, alright, guys thats, all from me for now.