How do electric car work ?
. In contrast, several major car brands have produced electric cars or plan to do so.. Some car manufacturers, such as British carmaker Bentley, have promised that all of their products will be plug based in the near future.. Do you know how EV cars work? If yes, amazing, But if you dont, then this video is only for you., So watch this video until the end to discover how EV cars work., While electric vehicles, especially electric cars, have only just developed and become part of a popular trend in recent years. Their history stretches back further than you might think.. The first electric car was built in the 1830s in Aberdeen, Scotland, and the technology was so successful that electric taxis were on the streets of London by the end of the century.. However, due to the drop in oil prices, their popularity did not. Last and fossil fuel cars quickly took over. As the production of more reliable, accessible electric vehicles has become much cheaper. In addition to climate concerns and their meager operating costs, electric vehicles are increasingly being widely produced and more popular.. Over the next decade we will see a dramatic increase in the number of electric cars on our roads, as well as other electric vehicles traveling on the tracks. The sky and the sea as vehicles, Petrol and diesel engines are being phased out from production and, in some cases, banned from sale.. When we think of electric vehicles, we most often think of any vehicle that uses electricity to run instead of running on fossil fuels.
Gasoline or diesel., While this is quite common, the term electric vehicle or EV covers any vehicle powered by an electric motor or traction engine rather than an internal combustion engine.. This includes cars and electric trucks, planes, trains, boats and two and three wheelers. In this video. We will use the term electric vehicle or EV to refer to electric cars., As there are now an estimated 1.4 billion automobiles worldwide cars are considered the most popular and popular type of vehicle today.. Thus, an electric vehicle can be defined as any vehicle that uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion., While the specifics of how an electric vehicle will operate depending on what type of EV it is, they all work, the same way. All electric vehicles Run on electric motors., This draws power from a pile of batteries and in most cases, electric cars must be plugged in to recharge these batteries. In earlier iterations of EVs. These batteries were in the lead acid category, but today most electric vehicles will use lithium ion batteries because they are far superior and can store more energy.. Two engines can be used one on each of the cars two axles to provide four wheel drive.. Today, all electric motors are essentially AC.: They rotate when the rotor chases an alternating magnetic field induced by the alternating current. Older electric motors, were d.c. Brushes that used a mechanical brush to generate alternating current.. These have a high failure rate that makes them unsuitable for commercial electric cars.
. There are three main types of electric cars classified by the amount of electricity used as their power source.. These are Battery Electric Vehicle Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Electric Vehicle.. There are exceptions in addition to these three main EVs, such as range extenders or fuel cell vehicles.. A battery electric vehicle, often referred to as an all electric or all electric vehicle, is a vehicle equipped with a rechargeable battery as the sole source of electricity.. These cars do not have gasoline engines at all.. The BEV stores power onboard with a high capacity battery pack.. Their battery power is then used to run the electric motor and the onboard electronics.. Due to the absence of ICE, the BEV does not emit any harmful emissions. At all., BEVs are charged electrically from an external power source with their chargers classified according to how quickly the battery recharges. Examples of BEVs include the Tesla Model: 3. Bmw i3, Volkswagen e Golf and Hyundai Ioniq., A plug in hybrid electric vehicle, combines a battery and an electric motor with economical petrol or diesel engine., As can be inferred from the name. Phevs can be recharged by plugging in an external power source.. Alternatively, PHEVs can also be powered by engines and generators on board and they can replace electricity from the grid for gasoline.. This is known as regenerative braking a process in which an electric motor helps slow down and bring the used vehicle to a stop using some of the energy that would typically be converted into heat by braking.
. The HEV starts its journey with an electric motor. Then the ICE motor steps in when the load or speed increases. HEVs are very similar to PHEVs, except that they cannot be plugged in Electricity can only be generated through regenerative braking.. Examples of HEVs include Toyota, Prius, Hybrid Honda, Civic Hybrid and Toyota, Camry Hybrid., Some electric cars get their electricity from hydrogen fuel cells instead of batteries.. Therefore, these vehicles are called fuel cell vehicles.. Although many different types of hydrogen fuel cells are available today, most of them share the same operating principle. They combine hydrogen and oxygen to generate electricity and water.. Since this chemical process powers, hydrogen fuel cell cars, they do not need to be recharged and can be driven as long as they are fueled by hydrogen.. Filling a car with a gas can take less than five minutes, with the average range of a hydrogen fuel cell car being around 300 350 miles.. Two hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Examples are the Toyota Mirai and the Hyundai Nexo.. All hybrid cars are powered by a combination of ICE and electric motors., Whether a vehicle is a mild, hybrid or a hybrid depends entirely on whether the electric motor can support the vehicle on its own.. Electric motors cannot power a car on their own.. The car only uses the electric motor to support the engine during acceleration and journey in the mild hybrid version.. However, in a fully hybrid vehicle, the electric motor can power.
The vehicle on its own ICE only works when more power is needed or when higher speeds are reached., An electric vehicle can be charged by plugging it into an outlet or charger.. Charging units are increasingly being found in more and more public places, as the popularity of electric vehicles grows and youre, usually never too far from the nearest unit.. Common locations for charging points include parking lots and fuel stations., BEV and PHEV sales crossed the two million mark for the first time in 2019..